DYNAMIC CORRECTION OF
ERRORS OF MEASURING CONVERTERS
doctor of science S.T. Tikhonchuk,
One of the biggest challenges in
creating the automated control systems of complex objects and technological
processes is the task of improving the accuracy of measurements.
fast processes should take into account the inertia of the components of the
measuring channel. As a rule, the inertia measurement channel defined inertia
sensor used. Confine correction measurements made using sensors, a mathematical
model which can be represented as a delay element of the first, second or
higher-order transfer function:
1/[(T1p+1)(T2p+1)*...*(Tnp+1)], n = 1,2,...,N
A similar problem occurs whenever
the rate of change of the measured parameter is comparable to the time constant
of the sensor.
The basic approach to solving the
problem of recovering the true parameter values at the input to output values
measured approach is based on the construction of the converter transfer
function implements the inverse of the transfer function of the sensor .
converter is constructed by incorporating sensor model in a feedback channel
operational amplifier with infinite gain. The transfer function Wk(p) = 1/W
(p), as a rule, has a differentiating properties and attempts to build devices
that implement this transfer function are generally not lead to success.
Correction algorithms implementing the transfer function Wk(p), obtained by
unstable and moreover, significantly increase measurement errors.
presence of measurement errors, which always have a place in the real
measurement systems do not effectively implement this approach.
This problem can be partially
solved by using the method of regularization. Discussed in relation to the
problem of constructing devices for solving the inverse problem of correcting
the measurements use the regularization method can be reduced to the use of an
operational amplifier with a finite gain.
One possible solution to this problem
is the approach that is implemented in , where due to the choice of structure
has been avoided depending on the magnitude of the gain coefficient
The most promising approach to improve the accuracy
characteristics of process control systems, is the use of single-device
structures for dynamic correction of sensor errors.
Fig.1. Functional diagram of
the measurement path (+ sensor device dynamic correction)
Figure 1 shows a functional block
diagram of the measurement path (sensor + dynamic correction device) with the
resulting transfer function:
Wр(p) = W(p) * Wу(p)
where W(p) - transfer function of
the sensor (1) and Wy(p) - transfer function of the dynamic correction unit:
1/ [Wа(p) * К - К + Wc-1(p), (3)
where Wa(p) = W(p) - kernel
driver with the transfer function is identical to the sensor.
K - static
correction parameter, Wc(p) - a correction unit with a transfer function:
S hx px
= --------------- (4)
S fx px
Substituting (1) and (4) to (3)
and without loss of generality: tending to the most simple form Wc(p), setting
hx = 0 (x = 1, ... , n) on the basis of , we obtain:
Кh0 - Кh0 [(T1p+1)*...*(Tnp+1)][(Tnp+1)] * S fx px
We write the characteristic
equation (6) as follows:
pn + A0 pn-1 + ...
+ An-1 p + An = 0, (7)
where A0, An-1,
An - the coefficients of the corresponding powers of
the characteristic equation of the transfer function (6).
To ensure the recovery of the measured signals with minimal distortion, it is
necessary that the roots of the characteristic equation (7) were valid and had
maximum modulus values , since the time constants of recovery signals are
determined by the absolute values of the roots of pi,
i = 1, ..., n the