REALITIES AND PERSPECTIVES of DEVELOPMENT 'ELECTRONIC UKRAINE' PROJECT
Today one of the most actual problems in the context of implementation of
interaction of the state and society is creation projects in the virtual
environment the Internet: electronic government (EGovernment) and electronic
control by the state and public processes (EGovernance).
The electronic government is usually understood as such method of provision
of that had already created set of the state services to citizens, business
structures in case of which personal interaction between the state and the
applicant is minimized at the expense of the greatest possible use of existing
information communication technologies.
The aim of this article is analysis historical progress of
the Electronic Ukraine project and to determine its role in creation open
relations between the authority and society.
Relevance of the subject is in the following:
1. Implementation of the Electronic Ukraine project will raise the level of
transparency of the state services; will abate the level of corruption and, as a
result to increase efficiency of public administration at all levels of
2. Implementation of the Electronic Ukraine project
opens new opportunities for
communication between the nominal government and real society and as a result
promotes increasing the level of trust by citizens to all branches of the
government and government as a whole.
In independent Ukraine was accepted a number of the documents directed on
information society: "The national program of information"; (1998),
the decree of the President of Ukraine " About measures to development national
component of the global information Internet and ensuring broad access to this
network in Ukraine " (2000), the Law "About Electronic Documents and Electronic
Document Flow" (2003) (Про електронні документи та електронний документообіг:
Закон України від 31 травня 2005 // Відомості Верховної Ради України. 2005. -
N 26. - Ст. 349.), the Law "About the Basic principles of development of
information society in Ukraine on 2007 - 2015гг.", the decree "About carrying
out electronic consultations with the public on a site "Civil Society and Power"
(Ministry of Justice, 2009), the Resolution "About the Statement of the Order of
Involvement of Citizens to Formation and Realization of a State Policy"
(Ministry, 2010) (Про Основні засади розвитку інформаційного суспільства в
Україні на 2007-2015 роки: Закон України від 9 січня 2007 // Відомості Верховної
Ради України. 2007. - N 12. - Ст. 102).
However, despite adoption of the
listed acts, implementation of the project of the electronic government in
Ukraine moves very slowly. Today more than 30% of authorities have own
resources, however the level of their filling and quality of submission of
information, and also interactivity of rendering services remains to the
population at a low level. Besides, on the vast majority of them dont have the
authentication, allowing bilateral exchange of information between citizens and
the government structures.
Besides, it should be noted lack of a uniform web
portal for access to all variety of the government services. According to the
last data - Ukraine takes the 54th place by the level of development of the
electronic government (Баранов А. Электронное правительство в Украине? Будет!
Когда? // Зеркало недели. 2002. № 1.).
Unfortunately, Ukraine is at an initial stage of formation of legal
interaction of the electronic government: on the one hand there is not developed
system of interaction of the power and society which demands immediate reforming
for ensuring high-quality functioning of the state, on the other hand the
attempt of introduction of the electronic government are reduced to power
monitoring behind the population. The Electronic government has to be as the
instrument of achievement of the objectives of the administrative reform,
capable to modernize all control system of the government.
For achievement these goals of the electronic government and, as a result,
ensuring its effective functioning in Ukraine, it is necessary to provide:
1. Creation regional network public points of access to resources of the
2. To automate interaction between public institutions of different profiles
3. To create the most transparent and economic scheme of relationship (the
government - business) and (the government - citizens).
4. To create "electronic alternative" of physical and legal entities:
possibility of registration, licensing, certification, taxation, elections,
carrying out payments and many others.
5. To introduce systems of electronic document flow and a digital signature
on the basis of the current
Implementation of proposed regulations
of the electronic government in Ukraine will provide high-quality changes not
only in the interaction of the government and society, but also in the Ukraine
domination on the Eurasian space.